The history of Newcastle is a colourful one. It was a place to keep hardened convicts who have become too difficult to manage. These convicts earned the city a very negative reputation. However, the city thrived on transporting coal through their main waterway, and this has changed how the city was viewed. It changed from a convict area to an industrial one. The coal was mined from Hunter Valley then distributed around Australia and other countries. Mostly because of this bustling coal trade in the river works that the city was once called Coal River. Because of these mines, the city became an industrial and grimy one. It is in stark contrast with the elegant Sydney located nearby.
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