a song written by Perry Bradford. Mamie Smith and Her Jazz Hounds recorded it on August 10, 1920, which was released that year by Okeh Records. The stride pianist Willie "The Lion" Smith appeared in photographs associated with the recording session, although Bradford claimed to have played piano on the recording (albeit buried in the mix). Within a month of release, it had sold 75,000 copies.
Although there were many recordings made of songs with blues in the title during the previous decade, this recording is considered a landmark as the first blues record ever issued. Another claimed that it was the first recording with a blues title by a black artist. It was ushered into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1994.
The 1920 Mamie Smith version of the song was used in episode 10 of season 1 of Boardwalk Empire.
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